The Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale (CAMS) is an 18-item scale designed to capture a broad conceptualization of mindfulness, with language that is not specific to any particular type of meditation training. The Cognitive Affective Mindfulness Scale Revised (CAMS-R) is a 12 item, uni-dimensional scale that assesses the four domains of mindfulness (attention, present-focus, awareness, acceptance/non-judgment)
The Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale is available in the following book:
Kumar, S. M. (2005). Grieving Mindfully: A Compassionate And Spiritual Guide To Coping With Loss. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.
It is easy for me to concentrate on what I am doing.
I am preoccupied by the future.
I try to notice my thoughts without judging them.
Responses to each statement are rated on a 5 point Likert scale: 1=rarely/not at all; 2=sometimes; 3=often; 4=almost always
Number of Items
18 items in CAMS; 12 items in CAMS-Revised
Mode of Administration
Reliability and Validity References
Feldman, G., Hayes, A., Kumar, S., Greeson, J., Laurenceau, JP. (2007). Mindfulness and emotion regulation: The development and initial validation of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 29(3), 177-190.
Feldman, G. C., Hayes, A.M., Kumar, S., Greeson, J. M. (2004). Development, factor structure, and initial validaton of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale. Unpublished Manuscript.
Example CAM Evaluation References
We have not found any CAM references for this outcome measure.
Target Age Group
Time to Administer
Time Period Assessed
We have not found any reference of translation of this measure into any other languages.
6 Additional Information
Potentially significant information regarding CAMS and CAMS-Revised remain unpublished, cited as currently under review, submitted for publication or in preparation. Examples include:
Feldman, G. C., Hayes, A. M., Kumar, S. M., Greeson, J. M. (2004). Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale. Unpublished manuscript.
Kumar, S. M., Feldman, G. C., & Hayes, A. M. (2005). Change in mindfulness and emotion regulation in an integrative therapy for depression. Manuscript under review.
McPhail, C. M., Walker, J. R., Clara, I., Graff, L. A., Feldman, G. C., Bernstein, C. N. (2005). Confirmatory factor analysis of the CAMS-R Mindfulness Scale with the Manitoba Inflammatory Bowel Disorder Cohort. Manuscript in preparation.