Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)

1  General Information

Instrument TitleFreiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)
Description

The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) is a 30-item scale that is designed to measure the concept of mindfulness, measured as either an outcome of an intervention, as a moderating variable or personality trait.

A 14-item short form version has also been developed, which is more suitable for use in generalized context where a Buddhist background of mindfulness is limited.

2  History

Contributor
Author(s):Buchheld, N., Grossman, P., Walach, H.
Year Created:2001

3  Cost

CostNo

4  Classification

Domain

5  Instrument Details

How to access

The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (short form) is available in the following article:

Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmuller, V., Kleinknecht, N., Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness--The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Personality and Individual Differences, 40(8), 1543-1555.

Sample Question(s)

I am open to the experience of the present moment

Response options (choose one):

Rarely, Occasionally, Fairly often, Almost always.

Revision Year

2006

Number of Itemslong version: 30 items; short version: 14 items
Mode of Administrationself
Reliability and Validity References
  1. Buchheld, N., Grossman, P., Walach, H. (2001). Measuring mindfulness in insight meditation (Vipassana) and meditation-based psychotherapy: The development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Journal of Meditation and Meditation Research, 1, 11-34
  2. Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmuller, V., Kleinknecht, N., Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness--The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Personality and Individual Differences, 40(8), 1543-1555.
Example CAM Evaluation References
  1. Büssing A, Hedtstück A, Khalsa SB, Ostermann T, Heusser P. (2012)  Development of Specific Aspects of Spirituality during a 6-Month Intensive Yoga Practice. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012:981523.
  2. Leigh, J., Bowen, S., Marlatt, G.A. (2005). Spirituality, mindfulness and substance abuse. Addictive Behaviors, 30(7), 1335-1341.
  3. Bussing A, Edelhauser F, Weisskircher A, Fouladbakhsh JM, Heusser P. (2011) Inner Correspondence and Peacefulness with Practices among Participants in Eurythmy Therapy and Yoga: A Validation Study. Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: 329023.
Target Age Groupnot specified
Target Population

Not specified

Time to Administer

Not specified

Time Period Assessed

Not specified

Translations Available

This outcome measure has been translated into the following language(s): 

Dutch, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portugese, Spanish

German:

  1. Buchheld, N. and Walach, H. (2002). Mindfulness in Vipassana meditation and psychotherapy: Development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Questionnaire. [German]. Zeitschrift fur Klinische Psychologie, Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 50(2), 153-172.

6  Additional Information

Additional Comments

Additional References:

  1. Rapgay L, Bystrisky A. (2009) Classical mindfulness: an introduction to its theory and practice for clinical application. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Aug;1172:148-62.

Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI)

Back to Top