The Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory (VPMI) is an 18-item, self-report measure that assesses how often chronic pain patients use active (7 items) or passive (11 items) coping strategies when their pain reaches a moderate or greater level of intensity.
The Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory can be accessed through the following article:
Esteve, M.R., Ramirez, C., Lopez, A.E. (2005). General versus specific indices in the assessment of chronic pain coping. Psychology in Spain, 9(1), 49-56.
Respondents are instructed to rate the frequency with which they use the strategies when their pain reaches a moderate or greater level of intensity by circling the number on a 5-point scale which best describes their pain management.
1. When you are in pain, do you wish the doctor has prescribed you stronger medicine? Response: 1 = Never do when in pain 2 = Rarely do when in pain 3 = Occasionally do when in pain 4 = Frequently do when in pain 5 = Very frequently do when in pain
12. Doing physical exercise. Response: 1 = never do when in pain 2 = rarely do when in pain 3 = occasionally do when in pain 4 = frequently do when in pain 5 = very frequently do when in pain.
Number of Items
Mode of Administration
Reliability and Validity References
Brown, G.K.,Nicassio, P.M. (1987). Development of a questionnaire for the assessment of active and passive coping strategies in chronic pain patients. Pain, 31, 53-64.
Esteve, M.R., Ramirez, C., Lopez, A.E. (2005). General versus specific indicies in the assessment of chronic pain coping. Psychology in Spain, 9(1), 49-56.
Example CAM Evaluation References
Bell, I.R., Lewis, D.A II., Lewis, S.E., Brooks, A.J., Schwartz, G.E., Baldwin, C.M. (2004). Strength of vital force in classical homeopathy: bio-psycho-social-spiritual correlates within a complex systems context. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(1), 123-31.
Target Age Group
(The pain management inventory (PMI) is intended for use with patients with definite or classic rheumatoid arthritis.)
Time to Administer
Time Period Assessed
This outcome measure has been translated into the following languages:
Esteve, R., LÃ³pez, A.E., RamÃrez, C. (1999). EvaluaciÃ³n de estrategias de afrontamiento al dolor crÃ³nico. Revista de PsicologÃa de la Salud, 11, 77-102.
6 Additional Information
There is also a Pain Management Inventory (PMI) developed by Davis and Atwood (1985). The PMI is a clinical index of pain management methods designed to assess specific methods that an individual is currently using for arthritis pain management and the perceived helpfulness of these methods.
Davis, G.C., Atwood, J.R. (1995). The development of the Pain Management Inventory for patient with arthritis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(2), 236-43.